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10 Tips for Safeguarding PHP Websites

Web Development | Ankit Gupta | Updated: 2020-04-25

10 Tips for Safeguarding PHP Websites

Technological advancements upscale frequently. Some or the other day, technical advancement cease no chance to awestruck the mankind. Though such advancements have made our lives easier by becoming an inextricable part, they have their cons as well. Since a lot of CMSs are used for sharing information on the public platform, they become soft targets for cyber criminals. Hacking and phishing are common problems that website owners face frequently. Today, most of the people remain unaware of foreign invasion in their website records.

Unless there's a properly formulated defense module against cybercrime, you cannot remain offensive towards it. It takes an HTML coding for conceiving a website and JavaScript knowledge to make it attractive. Even adding some plug-ins can boost the functioning of the website but, they do not guarantee protection from cybercrimes. Joomla, WordPress, Drupal etc., are created using PHP scripting. Every PHP development company worldwide uses some security solutions that boost the security by making the website hack-proof.

SQL Injection Invasion

SQL injection attacks are most common in PHP scripting as a single query can compromise the entire application. Since most websites aren't able to defend themselves, the sole mechanism to tackle is by manipulating the login data of a user.

Cross-Site Request Forgery

CSRF is a cyber attack on websites. When a website comes under such an attack, the end-user can access and perform deplorable actions without any authentication. Since requests cannot be read under CSRF attack, its state can be changed by sending an altered link in the HTML tag. Fraudulent activities like online scamming and fund transfers are done through CSRF.

Regular Updates

This might sound vague to many. But, instead of adding additional plug-ins, it is better to update the PHP software. If the PHP software is not updated, it will become the gateway to cyber threats, especially hacking, in no time. Hence, many I.T firms offering PHP development services lay strong emphasize on software updates. This practice is mandatory for all those who have a self-hosting solution.

The .PHP Extension

How does it feel to write only the first name? It feels incomplete. Similarly, while saving a code file in PHP requires an appropriate address. Hence, adding .PHP extension is a must. With this extension, no one can access the website. Thus, it is essential to add the .PHP extension to every file.

Protection from Session Hijacking

Session hijacking is a cyber-attack when the hacker gains access to the user's ID. The invasion then sends report to the server from where $_Session validates the storage for granting access. But this problem has a solution too. By adding the code $IP=getenv (remote_addr) ; you can bind the IP address for preventing session hijacking.

Uploading Files Safely

Uploading files isn't a hassle. But it can become at any time. XSS attacks make all files vulnerable to cyber attacks. Without acquiring authentication, the end-user can access it for deplorable acts. Ahead, a solution to this problem is discussed. POST request form should be used for validating the specific command in the tag. Even developers can craft their own ultra-secure rules for file validation.

Cloud Location is The Best for PHP Apps

PHP apps are usually uploaded on PHP server. One can also locate them on cloud server or other live servers that offer sharing hosting. Since they're SSL protected, the chances of cybercrime are nil. Hence, no phishing is possible at any layer. It requires some good Linux skills for the creation of web stacks like LAMP and LEMP.

Document Rooting

Always set the PHP application root to var/www/HTML. This allows accessing the website via a browser safely. However, if the PHP website is being developed using API frameworks like Laravel or Symfony, the webroot should be updated to /public folder. By adding the syntax var/www/HTML/public folder, a user can easily hide the sensitive files.

HTTPS is Always Reliable

Hyper Text Transfer Protocol or HTTPS is a trusted protocol that enhances the safety of the website. Adding HTTPS to the domain address creates a layer of security and prevents cybercrime. To enhance the security of the PHP website, it is suggested to use HTTP Strict Transport Security or HTTP-STS. Using it, the vulnerable HTTP requests are automatically blocked for the whole website.

Security Tools Can be Used as Well

The PHP website security needs to be tested at regular intervals. It is essential because these tools mimic hacking for testing the security mechanism's working module. The following is a list of some famous tools that can be used:

  • NetSparker- It is a free online tool for examining XSS invasion and SQL working
  • OpenVAS- A free online testing tool with multiple security features
  • io- Online website configuration tool for determining website functioning

Final Words

The PHP security of websites is a topic as vast as an ocean. Developers worldwide determine different cases for modifying and upgrading applications. However, finding and fixing loopholes is essential for a secured PHP website. Let's wait to witness further advancements.

1 thoughts on "10 Tips for Safeguarding PHP Websites"

  • quickinnovations
    18 June, 2020 at 9:32 am

    Really great tips related to web designing and development projects. These all factors matters a lot. Thanks for sharing


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